Parma Calcio 1913, better known simply as Parma, is a professional football club from the city of Parma in Emilia-Romagna region. The club was founded in 1913 as Verdi Football Club in honour of Guiseppe Verdi who was from Parma. The name was changed to Parma Football Club in the same year. Parma plays its home games at Stadio Ennio Tardini since 1923.
The club spent most of its history in lower leagues of Italian football since they earned the promotion to Serie A for the first time in 1990. But the upcoming decade proved very successful for the team. Under the management of Nevio Scala and backed by major investments from parent company Parmalat, the team won three Italian Cups in this period, two UEFA Cups and one UEFA Cup Winners’ Cup. Unfortunately for them, these glory years did not bring them any Serie A titles.
After 2002, Parma suffered from major financial problems – first insolvency in 2004 and then official bankruptcy in 2015. The club had to be re-founded and compete in Serie D but they were back in Serie A in 2018, winning the record-breaking three consecutive promotions. The current manager of the club is Fabio Liverani.
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Hernán Crespo from River Plate for £3.7m in 1996
Although Crespo played for many big teams in his career, his best years were the four seasons that he spent at Parma. Having arrived from River Plate in 1996, the Argentinian appeared in 116 Serie A games with the club and scored 62 league goals in the process. He was sold in 2000 to Lazio for a fee of around £51 million, which is still the record fee that Parma ever received.
Hidetoshi Nakata from AS Roma for £25.6m in 2001
You may be surprised to learn that the most expensive signing in Parma’s history is Hidetoshi Nakata. The Japanese midfielder was bought for £25.6 million in 2001 and he spent three years at the club where he was adored by the fans. He was a crucial part of the squad that won the last trophy for Parma, the Coppa Italia in 2001/2002 season.
Fabio Cannavaro from Napoli for £6m in 1995
Cannavaro arrived at Parma in 1995 when he was just 22-years old but he already showed his potential at Napoli. At Parma, the centre back proved his leadership abilities and become one of the best defenders in the world. He spent seven years at the club before being sold to Inter for £20.7 million.
Adriano from Inter Milan for £13 million in 2002
The case of Adriano is an interesting one. He was bought from Inter Milan for £13 million in 2002 and he spent just two years at Parma before being sold back to Inter for £21 million. Not a bad profit for two successful years during which he scored 30 goals in 37 league games.
Sébastien Frey from Inter Milan for £19 million in 2001
After selling Buffon to Juventus, Parma had to find a replacement. Their choice was the French international that had obvious quality but didn’t get much of an opportunity at Inter. Frey spent five years at Parma before leaving for Fiorentina in 2006.